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What is ISO 14001 EMS?
The ISO 14000 is a family of internationally recognised standards for environmental management systems that is applicable to any business or organisation, regardless of size, location or income. These standards are developed by the International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO), which has representation from committees all over the world. The ISO 14000 family includes most notably the ISO 14001 standard, which represents the core set of standards used by organizations for designing and implementing an effective environmental management system. Other standards included in this series are ISO 14015, which gives additional guidelines for a good environmental management system, and more specialized standards dealing with specific aspects of environmental management.
The ISO 14000 environmental management standards exist to help organizations minimize how their operations negatively affect the environment. The major objective of the ISO 14000 series of norms is "to promote more effective and efficient environmental management in organisations and to provide useful and usable tools - ones that are cost effective, system-based, flexible and reflect the best organizations and the best organizational practices available for gathering, interpreting and communicating environmentally relevant information".
It offers a source of guidance for introducing and adopting environmental management systems based on the best universal practices, in the same way that the ISO 9000 series on quality management systems, which is now widely applied, represents a tool for technology transfer of the best available quality management practices. In structure the ISO 14000 series is similar to ISO 9000 quality management and both can be implemented side by side.
ISO 14001 is the principal management system standard which specifies the requirements for the formulation and maintenance of an EMS. There are three fundamental commitments required in an environmental policy that meets the requirements of ISO 14001. These include:
Prevention of pollution
Compliance with legislation
Continual improvement of the EMS
These commitments help drive the improvements in overall environmental performance.
ISO 14001 can be used as a tool; it focuses on controlling your environmental aspects or the way that your activities products and services interact with the environment; for example, emissions to air, land or water. Organisations must describe what they intend to do, adhere to their procedures and record their efforts to demonstrate compliance and improvement. You will set objectives, targets and implement a programme to improve your environmental performance which often leads to financial benefits.
Organisations are required to identify applicable legal, statutory and related requirements. It is particularly important to identify how the legislation affects you so that compliance measures can be adopted and periodically evaluated ensuring requirements are understood by employees and implemented effectively.
ISO 14001 is accompanied by ISO 14015, Environmental Management systems - General Guidelines on principles, systems and support techniques. This standard covers issues such as the establishment, implementation, maintenance and improvement of an MS and discusses the principle issues involved.
Benefits of ISO 14001:2015
Improved environmental performance led by top management commitment
Cost savings can be achieved through improved efficiencies in energy and water usage and through waste minimisation
Reduced risk of pollution incidents and other releases to the environment and therefore avoidance of unnecessary clean up costs and/or enforcement action by regulatory bodies
Compliance with legislation through the identification of new legislation in adequate time to address appropriate issues
Reduced risk of non-compliance with legislation and subsequent costs/prosecution
Improved brand image as customers will see an organisation that is in control of its impact on the environment
Improved business focus and communication of environmental issues
Improved profitability through costs reductions and improved customer satisfaction.
ISO 14001:2015 implementation steps
Process Identification and definition
Documentation Design and finalization
Internal Auditor Training and conduct of internal audit
Management Review Meeting
Review of Implementation
Continual improvement of the system
What are the requirements of ISO 14001 standard?
An Environmental Management System requires a documentation system to collect, analyse, register, and retrieve information
Some of the documents and records you may be associated with ISO 14001:2015
Environmental objectives and targets
Roles, responsibilities, and authority for EMS
Communications from external interested parties
Procedures essential for operational control
Monitoring and measurement of key operations that have potential significant impacts
Compliance with laws and regulations